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Category: Ethics & Morality

Modern Problems and Christian Ethics [1898 ]

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That opens personal affairs to public scrutiny and also moralizes them: personal choices become subject to public judgment about their worthiness; and since aesthetic variety cannot be certified in such a way, an anaesthetic and anhedonic condemnation will be lodged against anything not regarded as morally worthy. Pre-Socratic Period - also known as the Cosmological Period (cosmos meaning universe)... *questions about human existence and subsistence (basic needs) Pre-Socratic Greek philosophers: - Anaxagoras - Thales (he held that water is the fundamental stuff of all things, saying “All is water”) - Anaximander - Xenophanes - Heraclitus - Anaximenes Empiricism – a theory which states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience ...

Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous

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Several other philosophers such as Hannah Arendt discuss Kant’s moral philosophy. For this would itself be a judgment of value, which I have not made and do not wish to make. In order to qualify as morally wrong, an act must be one that ought to be punished. It is also important to see that good moral decision making involves more than just acting on hunches or intuitions, though these, too, are important. C.), Protagoras, Democritus and the historian Thucydides (c. 460 - 375 B.

Abraham Lincoln's Cardinal Traits: A Study In Ethics, With

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At times Kantian moral duty seems to contradict our natural inclinations and common sense. Lesson Guide Lesson 2 - Philosophy and Ethics: Says Who? Is the study of society undertaken with a willful ignorance of moral philosophy, theology, civics, and Econ 101. the branch of philosophy dealing with both argument about the content of morality and meta-ethical discussion of the nature of moral judgment, language, argument, and value © William Collins Sons & Co.

Hindu Bioethics for the Twenty-First (Suny Series in

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If one uses “morality” in its descriptive sense, and therefore uses it to refer to codes of conduct actually put forward by distinct groups or societies, one will almost certainly deny that there is a universal morality that applies to all human beings. Moral issues in medicine and the biological sciences, such as patient’s rights and physician’s responsibilities, abortion and euthanasia, the distribution of health care, experimentation, and genetic intervention.

Unbinding the Heart

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Our present beliefs may be wrong, but further thought and insight may lead to better knowledge. And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? The argument of this second project does often appear to try to reach out to a metaphysical fact about our wills. Deontological ethics is weaker when it comes to informing us how to live well or developing virtues of character.

Letters from a father to his sons in college

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According to rule-utilitarianism, a behavioral code or rule is morally right if the consequences of adopting that rule are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone. The constructivist model of moral development suggests that we should avoid giving children a list of do’s and don’ts (or virtues and vices) to guide their behavior. If Herbert also acquires a disposition to refrain from speaking up in history class (but not in other subjects) and the explanation of this latter reluctance is quite different from the explanation of his avoidance of roller coaster rides, then these two dispositions are not special cases of a single character trait.

Structure and Agent in the Scientific Diplomacy of Climate

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Religion inspires a large portion of ethics. Many devoted followers are willing to adhere to a specific morality system on faith alone. The Industrial Revolution had made such rapid improvements in the production of goods that Mill could write with confidence, in Utilitarianism, that 'most of the great positive evils of the world are in themselves removable, and will, if human affairs continue to improve, be in the end reduced within narrow limits'.

Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal

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That, he argues, is why the fear of death is irrational, and like al-Kindi and other moral philosophers he admonishes the truly reasonable man to resign himself to the prospect of death as a logical consequence of our being human. Similarly you cannot be in a contract without having contracted, i.e. given signs of entering upon the contract. To those who ask ‘what is the nature of good?’ he has little to say, except that they’re asking the wrong question.

Polls and Politics: The Dilemmas of Democracy

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Second, actions performed out of ignorance are also involuntary. It was founded upon ignorance -- ignorance of both the historical and the logical reasons which had led Broad to write in this way. Prerequisites: consent of instructor and department chair, GPA of 3.0 or higher, over ninety units. It is behaviour that, in the pursuit of one’s interests, adds to the pain, suffering of others, the impairment of other’s well-being or the destruction of the environment..

Just Over the Hill...

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But what they want is not made right simply because they want it, for people can also want things for themselves that are bad for them. Civilization tried that a few thousand years ago and it doesn't work. Your typical attitudes show you not only don’t love gays, but you don’t even give them the basic civic respect that you give others you think are at least as equally displeasing God. The HIV and TB pandemics have contributed to this increase.
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