Plant Viruses: Evolution and Management by Rajarshi Kumar Gaur, Nikolay Manchev Petrov, Basavaprabhu L.

By Rajarshi Kumar Gaur, Nikolay Manchev Petrov, Basavaprabhu L. Patil, Mariya Ivanova Stoyanova

This publication makes a speciality of the evolution of plant viruses, their molecular type, epidemics and administration, masking themes on the subject of evolutionary mechanisms, viral ecology and emergence, applicable research tools, and the function of evolution in taxonomy. The presently rising virus species are more and more turning into a danger to our lifestyle, either economically and bodily. Plant viruses are really major as they have an effect on our foodstuff offer and are in a position to speedily spreading to new plant species. In uncomplicated learn, plant viruses became precious versions to research the molecular biology of plant gene rules and cell-cell verbal exchange. The small measurement of DNA genome of viruses possesses minimum coding capability and replicates within the host cellphone nucleus with the aid of host plant mobile equipment. therefore, learning virus mobile tactics presents an excellent foundation for explaining DNA replication, transcription, mRNA processing, protein expression and gene silencing in crops. a greater knowing of those mobile approaches may help us layout antiviral techniques for plants.

The ebook presents in-depth details on plant virus gene interactions with hosts, localization and expression and the most recent advances in our figuring out of plant virus evolution, their responses and crop development. Combining characterization of plant viruses and illness administration and proposing them jointly makes it effortless to match all elements of resistance, tolerance and administration thoughts. As such, it's a resource for molecular biologists and plant virologists alike.

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Ann Appl Biol 59:49–62 Lopez-Abella D, Bradley RHE, Harris KF (1988) Correlation between stylet paths made during superficial probing and the ability of aphids to transmit nonpersistent viruses. In: Harris KF (ed) Advances in disease vector research (Volume 5). Springer, New York, pp 251–287 Lucas WJ, Gilbertson RL (1994) Plasmodesmata in relation to viral movement within leaf tissues. Annu Rev Phytopathol 32:387–411 Martin B, Collar JL, Tjallingii WF, Fereres A (1997) Intracellular ingestion and salivation by aphids may cause the acquisition and inoculation of nonpersistently transmitted plant viruses.

2013a). The ectopic expression of such genes in wheat using BSMV-VIGS constructs resulted in the generation of complementary siRNA molecules in systemic leaves which were transferred from the host to the colonizing pathogen P. triticina cells where they triggered RNA silencing of the corresponding genes, resulting in disease suppression. Since siRNAs are generated in the host, this approach is also termed host-induced gene silencing (HIGS) but how the small RNA molecules traffic from the plant into fungal cells is not fully understood (Nunes and Dean 2012).

Such tubular structures are involved in cell-to-cell movement of CPMV (Kasteel et al. 1996). M. Petrov 26 CPMV infection (Wellink and Van Kammen 1989). The 58 kDa/48 kDa proteins are not necessary for replication, but they do localize to the tubular structures (Van Lent et al. 1990). The 48 kDa protein is involved in tubule formation (Kasteel 1999). Nepovirus infection also induces the formation of movement-associated tubules. An antibody raised against the 45 kDa protein of tomato ringspot virus, analogous to the CPMV 48 kDa protein, recognizes the tubules (Wieczorek and Sanfacon 1993).

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