By J. Barry Cullingworth, Roger Caves
;Planning within the united states: regulations, concerns and approaches НАУКА и УЧЕБА,ДИЗАЙН и ГРАФИКА Название: making plans within the united states Автор:J Cullingworth Издательство: Routledge Год: 2003 Страниц: 336 ISBN: 0415247896 Формат: PDF Язык: Английский Размер: 5,1 MBThis broadly revised and up-to-date variation of making plans within the united states keeps to supply a accomplished advent to the regulations, concept and perform of making plans. Outlining land use, city making plans and environmental safeguard rules, this absolutely illustrated ebook explains the character of the making plans approach and how within which coverage concerns are pointed out, outlined and approached.Скачать.com uploading.com0
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Additional info for Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues and Processes
Each administrative agency takes its decisions within its particular sphere of interest, understanding, resources, and competence. How can it be otherwise? The task of any agency is to undertake the task for which it is established, not to take on the complicating and possibly conflicting responsibilities of others (which in any case would be resistant to a takeover). Thus, a conservation agency will take decisions of a very different character from an economic development agency: they have separate and potentially conflicting goals.
The professional code of ethics, however, seems quite clear: A planner must strive to expand choice and opportunity for all persons, recognizing a special responsibility to plan for the needs of disadvantaged PLANNING AND GOVERNMENT 19 groups and persons, and must urge the alteration of policies, institutions, and decisions which oppose such needs. (AICP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct 1991) This clause was added to the ethical code of the American Institute of Planners (now the American Planning Association) as a result of strong and eloquent pressure from Paul Davidoff.
Chapter 4 gives a brief history of the emergence of zoning (as distinct from planning) as a method of controllirig land use which served the dominant interests of the time. The institutional and legal framework, discussed in Chapter 5, was fashioned by the federal government (with the preparation and dissemination of model ‘standard state enabling acts’), and by the support of the courts. Zoning has developed a profusion of techniques which go far beyond the simple districting of the early ordinances.