Planning and Housing in the Rapidly Urbanising World by Paul Jenkins

By Paul Jenkins

Written in particular as a educating textual content and authored by means of a workforce of major lecturers within the box, this is often the 1st ebook to compile the foremost problems with quick urbanisation with ways to making plans and housing.

Outlining and explaining center suggestions from ‘informal settlements’ to ‘sustainability’, it specializes in the quick urbanization of constructing nations with case reports from Latin the US, Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The effect of swift urbanization and linked globalization on land-use and housing is defined and analyzed with regards to the actual problems with poverty, wellbeing and fitness and the surroundings of those parts.

Providing an available advent to the main matters in addition to bettering present theoretical debates and exploring functional purposes, this book is a necessary source for college kids and researchers during this area.

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8 per cent, nearly double the rate expected for the total population of the world. 2 billion in 2030. By 2007, for the first time, there will be more people living in urban areas than in rural areas. The process of urbanisation is more advanced in developed regions, where 75 per cent of the population was living in urban areas in 2003. This is expected to increase to 82 per cent by 2030. 3 per cent per year during 2000–30. Almost all growth of the world’s total population in this period is expected to be absorbed by urban areas in developing regions, with the proportion of urban population there expected to rise from 42 per cent in 2003 to 57 per cent by 2030.

After an initial mercantilist wave of global economic expansion during the phase of capitalism (1500–1800), a further wave of globalisation during the nineteenth century involved the promotion of urbanisation as centres of colonial control – in both centre and periphery (see Chapter 2) – which underpinned industrialisation in the core countries. Such industrialisation required steady and secure raw materials, as well as markets for products, and was closely linked to colonialism and imperialism.

Reclassification, whereby urban status is conferred on formerly rural residents and territory, is an important one. This can happen when a settlement passes beyond a minimum size or density threshold, thereby qualifying to be termed an urban place, or when a government changes its definition of ‘urban’, as did the United States in 1950 and China in the 1980s. Cities can also annex neighbouring territory (Montgomery et al. 2004). Reclassification can also be related to new forms of urban development, for example researchers have found that population growth in rural areas is leading to the expansion of villages and sprouting of homes amidst fields.

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