By Mohammad Qadeer
This is the 1st English-language survey of Pakistan’s socio-economic evolution. Mohammad Qadeer offers an important evaluation of social and cultural transformation in Pakistan because independence, that's an important to knowing Pakistan’s most probably destiny course.
Pakistan examines how culture and relations lifestyles proceed to give a contribution long-term balance, and explores the components the place very quick alterations are happening: huge inhabitants raise, urbanization, financial improvement, and the character of civil society and the nation. It deals an insightful view into Pakistan, exploring the big variety of ethnic teams, the geographical region, faith and group, and pop culture and nationwide identification. It concludes by means of discussing the most probably destiny social improvement in Pakistan, desirable scholars and lecturers attracted to Pakistan and multiculturalism.
Qadeer’s amazing paintings is a accomplished exam of social and cultural forces in Pakistani society, and is a vital source for an individual desirous to comprehend modern Pakistan.
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Extra info for Pakistan: Social and Cultural Transformation (Routledge Contemporary South Asia Series, 1)
Thus, the adoption of modern technologies and institutions appears to be a Patterns of social change 21 process of westernization. Yet the culture of the adopting society modifies and realigns the meanings and functions of such adoptions. That is why modernization is considered more a matter of goals and scope of social change than of particular institutional forms. Gunnar Myrdal in his seminal study of South Asia, including Pakistan, postulated “modernization ideals” as the criteria for assessing the region’s development.
18 During Zia’s regime, international events also favored the rise of Islamic groups and conservative ideologies. Afghanistan exploded into a communist coup, which in turn led to Soviet Russia’s invasion. ” Pakistan became the strategic partner of the US and turned into a base for Afghan Mujahideen (holy warriors). This role sustained General Zia’s regime and strengthened the Islamists’ positions in Pakistani society. The Soviet invasion and the civil war that followed its retreat from Afghanistan in 1988 sent waves of Afghan refugees to Pakistan.
People count refrigerators, motorbikes, telephones, and television as their proud possessions and symbols of modern living. This “material” culture is undoubtedly heading towards modernization. It is in matters of nonmaterial institutions and customs that the ideals of modernization may not be fully imbibed or accepted. For example, the modernization of consumption patterns stands in contrast with the strengthening of traditional practices in dowry, gender relations, religious revival, and politics.