By Monica G. Turner, Robert H. Gardner (auth.)
This paintings presents in-depth research of the origins of panorama ecology and its shut alignment with the certainty of scale, the motives of panorama trend, and the interactions of spatial trend with quite a few ecological procedures. The textual content covers the quantitative methods which are utilized commonly in panorama reviews, with emphasis on their acceptable use and interpretation.
The box of panorama ecology has grown speedily in this interval, its suggestions and techniques have matured, and the broadcast literature has elevated exponentially. panorama learn has more advantageous knowing of the factors and results of spatial heterogeneity and the way those fluctuate with scale, and so they have motivated the administration of common and human-dominated landscapes. panorama ecology is now thought of mainstream, and the techniques are primary in lots of branches of ecology and are utilized not just in terrestrial settings but additionally in aquatic and marine structures. in keeping with those fast advancements, an up to date variation of Landscape Ecology in thought and Practice offers a man-made evaluation of panorama ecology, together with its improvement, the equipment and strategies which are hired, the foremost questions addressed, and the insights which were gained.”
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Extra info for Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice: Pattern and Process
9) and suggest conclusions and future directions for the field (Chap. 10). l S u m m a r y Landscape ecology has come to the forefront of ecology and land management in recent decades, and it is still expanding very rapidly. Landscape ecology emphasizes the interaction between spatial pattern and ecological process—that is, the causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity across a range of scales. Two important aspects of landscape ecology distinguish it from other subdisciplines within ecology.
4). How might such a diagram assist you in selecting appropriate scales for a field study or model? What scales are appropriate for different hypotheses you might test? 5. Describe how scale may be considered as both a problem and an opportunity. u rther F R eading Haila Y (2002) A conceptual genealogy of fragmentation research: from island biogeography to landscape ecology. Ecol Appl 12:321–334 Levin SA (1992) The problem of pattern and scale in ecology. Ecology 73:1943–1983 Miller JR, Turner MG, Smithwick EAH, Dent CL, Stanley EH (2004) Spatial extrapolation: the science of predicting ecological patterns and processes.
In other words, any particular landscape is a singular outcome from a range of plausible outcomes that depended on the occurrence or timing of different driving factors. This view of multiple and contingent causation supports an understanding of landscape pattern that allows for multiple outcomes rather than a single, deterministic result from a given set of conditions (Phillips 2007). Landscape patterns are idiosyncratic because of contingent factors that are particular in time and space. The critical observation that “it depends” complicates the task of explaining and predicting landscape patterns: similar landscapes may develop from contrasting trajectories, and different landscapes may have originated from similar initial conditions (Ernoult et al.