Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only by Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical

By Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Sc

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Extra resources for Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).)

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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. : National Academy Press. NRC. 1996a. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies, Board on Army Science and Technology. : National Academy Press. NRC. 1996b. Review of Systemization of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility.

There are two HD Reactors and one TCC Effluent Tank in each of the three neutralization units. In each neutralization unit, drained agent held in the Agent Holding Tank is processed in batch neutralization reactions. The rinse and spray water from the TCC Module and spent decontamination solution are stored in the TCC Effluent Tank and process in separate batch reactions. In the neutralization reaction HD reacts with water to yield the principal hydrolysis products of thiodiglycol and hydrochloric acid.

The Army should pursue the testing of materials of construction for treating VX hydrolysate by supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) more aggressively to finalize materials selection, design, and fabrication methods for critical components, including the SCWO reactor, inlet, and pressure let-down system. This testing should clearly define mechanisms and rates of corrosion and erosion under the range of anticipated process conditions. An independent panel of experts in materials of construction should evaluate testing to date and identify further needs to ensure that the reliability of the SCWO system is adequate to meet the processing objectives.

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