Human Anatomy - The Definitive Visual Guide

For college students of anatomy, biology, and the biomedical sciences; doctors; and curious households, DK's "Human Anatomy" may be a definitive source. Written through acclaimed anatomist, Dr. Alice Roberts, "Human Anatomy" is an up to date examine of the physique. miraculous electronic photographs convey the physique in remarkable, true-to-life aspect. Exhaustive annotations give you the names of organs and constructions during the skeletal, muscular, anxious, cardiovascular, lymphatic, and reproductive structures, whereas describing their features and features. This new addition to DK's award-winning catalog of human physique titles might help readers higher snatch the deep complexities of the human physique for examine, learn, or common reference. content material formerly released as a part of "Complete Human Body."

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Parts of the quadriceps muscle also wrap right around the back of the femur to attach to the linea aspera. At the bottom—or distal—end, toward the knee, the femur widens to form the knee joint with the tibia and the patella. From the back, the distal end of the femur has a distinct double-knuckle shape, with two condyles (rounded projections) that articulate with the tibia. HIP AND THIGH HIP AND THIGH 061 HIP AND KNEE SKELETAL SYSTEM 062 Ilium Ilium, pubis, and ischium of the pelvis all meet in the acetabulum or hip socket Tendon of rectus femoris Attaches to the anterior inferior iliac spine The hip joint is very stable.

HIP AND THIGH HIP AND THIGH 061 HIP AND KNEE SKELETAL SYSTEM 062 Ilium Ilium, pubis, and ischium of the pelvis all meet in the acetabulum or hip socket Tendon of rectus femoris Attaches to the anterior inferior iliac spine The hip joint is very stable. Its fibrous capsule is strengthened by ligaments that attach from the neck of the femur to the pelvic bone. These are the iliofemoral and pubofemoral ligaments at the front and the ischiofemoral ligament at the back. Inside the joint capsule, a small ligament attaches from the edge of the acetabulum (hip socket) to the head of the femur.

Parietal bone Forms the roof and side of the skull SKELETAL SYSTEM Parietal bone HEAD AND NECK 034 Zygomatic bone Occipital bone Forms the lower part of the back of the skull Frontal bone Zygomatic bone This roughly triangular bone connects the frontal bone, maxilla, and temporal bone Temporal bone Articulates with the parietal, sphenoid, and occipital bones and contains the ear apparatus, including the ossicles Mastoid process ARTICULATED VIEW Maxilla Nasal bones Two bones, attaching to the frontal bone above and the maxillae to the side, form the bridge of the nose Angle of mandible The masseter muscle attaches down to this angle, which tends to be slightly flared outward in men Ramus of mandible Orbital surface of maxilla Body of mandible The mandible develops as two separate bones, which fuse in infancy DISARTICULATED VIEW MALLEUS STAPES INCUS OSSICLES OF THE EAR Alveolar process of mandible Projects up from the mandible and forms the sockets for the lower teeth Alveolar process of maxilla Projects down from the maxilla and forms the sockets for the upper teeth Maxilla Articulates with the opposite maxilla in the midline, with the nasal, frontal, and lacrimal bones above, and the sphenoid, ethmoid, and palatine bones Vomer Zygomatic bone Zygomatic process Lacrimal bone Nasal bone Orbital plate of ethmoid bone Petrous part of temporal bone HEAD AND NECK Sphenoid bone 035 036 SKELETAL SYSTEM T1 (first thoracic) vertebra Clavicle First rib Smaller and more curved than all the other ribs; the thoracic inlet is formed by the first rib on each side, together with the manubrium sterni and the body of the T1 vertebra Scapula Second costal cartilage The upper seven ribs are true ribs, and all attach directly to the sternum via costal cartilages Third rib Fourth rib Fifth rib Sixth rib Seventh rib Eighth to tenth ribs The costal cartilages of these ribs each attach to the costal cartilage above Eleventh and twelfth ribs These are also called floating ribs because they do not attach to any others 037 THORAX Transverse process of T1 Each rib articulates with the transverse processes of the corresponding thoracic vertebra Head of first rib The heads of the ribs articulate with the bodies of vertebrae Manubrium sterni The sternum is shaped like a dagger or short sword; manubrium means handle or hilt in Latin Manubriosternal joint Body of sternum Sternum comes from the Greek for breastbone Xiphisternal joint Xiphoid process The tip of the sternum takes its name from the Greek word for sword THORAX ANTERIOR (FRONT) The skeleton of the thorax plays several extremely important roles.

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