Housing in Urban Britain 1780–1914: Class, Capitalism and by Richard Rodger

By Richard Rodger

This examine offers with the construction of the "housing problem", Victorian values and attitudes in the direction of it and with quite a few tried strategies. The quickly increasing populations of nineteenth century cities, including the absence of political or administrative equipment to manage the growth, created a "housing challenge" and similar social difficulties for the Victorian age. Slums and suburbs have been a actual expression of the social polarization linked to nineteenth century housing. The contributions of developers, landowners and landlords to the location are individually tested with regards to short case reviews of person cities. in addition, the consequences of low and abnormal wages at the caliber of cheap lodging is noticeable as critical to inadequacy of housing. The actual features, house and amenity elements of housing are tested, which will explaining why geographical diversifications arose in vernacular structure and why the interior arangements of the home have been redesigned, altering the character of every-day existence for the citizens.

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Extra resources for Housing in Urban Britain 1780–1914: Class, Capitalism and Construction

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How far new socially and residentially distinct areas emerged with a definite sense of community and neighbourhood is difficult to assess and complicated by the frequent relocation of households. Victorians moved often, normally over short distances and within range of family and community support networks, especially retail credit, church and interest groups [Pritchard, 1976, 57]. Glasgow landlords (1900) reckoned 5-6 months as the average tenancy [Englander, 1983, 8], and in Liverpool ( 1851, 1871) 40 per cent of the population moved house within one year and 50 per cent within two years [Dennis, 1984, 257].

Railways influenced housing in central districts where access routes, 39 stations and goods yards demolished properties and displaced residents, inflated land values and introduced physical barriers to mobility. But many companies opposed suburban passenger traffic especially if it was at cheap fares, and so in English cities, railways contributed little to suburbanisation [Kellett, 1969, 15, 337, 354; Reeder, 1968, 268]. How far architectural design created the suburb is debatable. Shaw's villas in StJohn's Wood (1790s) and Nash's Georgian terraces overlooking Regent's Park ( 1810s) were certainly appealing to the rustic aspirations of a population many of whom had recently migrated from rural areas.

48). In general they were, and the irregular, congested, insanitary 'rookeries' resulted, a combined product of demand and supply forces operating in a vacuum of environmental control. 27 4 House Types: Terraces and Tenements (i) RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AND MOBILITY Urban population growth and the low wages underpinning nineteenth-century industrialisation combined with the characteristics of landowning and building to produce high-density housing. This economic equation created a hierarchical division of society based increasingly on income differentials, with numerous and narrowly spaced rungs on the social ladder translated into distinctions in house form [Conzen, 1981, 117].

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