Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the by Peter A. Corning

By Peter A. Corning

In contemporary years, evolutionary theorists have come to acknowledge that the reductionist, individualist, gene-centered method of evolution can't sufficiently account for the emergence of complicated organic structures over the years. Peter A. Corning has been on the vanguard of a brand new new release of complexity theorists who've been operating to reshape the principles of evolutionary idea. popular for his Synergism Hypothesis—a concept of complexity in evolution that assigns a key causal function to varied sorts of practical synergy—Corning places this conception right into a a lot broader framework in [img]Holistic Darwinism[/img], addressing some of the matters and ideas linked to the evolution of complicated structures. Corning's paradigm embraces and integrates many similar theoretical advancements of contemporary years, from multilevel choice thought to area of interest development conception, gene-culture coevolution concept, and theories of self-organization. supplying new techniques to thermodynamics, info idea, and financial research, Corning indicates how all of those domain names might be introduced firmly inside of what he characterizes as a post–neo-Darwinian evolutionary synthesis.


"This is an extremely bold and critical booklet that proposes to alter the best way so much folks have thought of 'Darwinism' and evolutionary methods. Corning achieves this aim in lots of methods, yet such a lot successfully via integrating either his personal various paintings in recent times and quotation of virtually everybody who has performed an incredible position in scholarly discussion on evolutionary biology and behaviour over the past generation." - Roger D. Masters. Dartmouth College"

Show description

Read or Download Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution PDF

Best evolution books

Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Best paleontologist J. David Archibald explores the wealthy heritage of visible metaphors for organic order from precedent days to the current and their impact on humans' notion in their position in nature, supplying unusual perception into how we went from status at the most sensible rung of the organic ladder to embodying only one tiny twig at the tree of lifestyles.

Evolution of agricultural services in Sub-Saharan Africa: trends and prospects, Parts 63-390

This paper lines the evolution of worldwide financial institution help to agricultural providers, rather agricultural extension and learn in Sub-Saharan Africa. It describes the Bank's event with the implementation of nationwide courses in agricultural extension and study and the way those are evolving to stand the issues of the long run.

The Fossil Trail: How We Know What We Think We Know About Human Evolution (First Edition)

Probably the most amazing fossil reveals in background happened in Laetoli, Tanzania, in 1974, whilst anthropologist Andrew Hill (diving to the floor to prevent a lump of elephant dung thrown through a colleague) got here head to head with a suite of old footprints captured in stone--the earliest recorded steps of our distant human ancestors, a few 3 million years previous.

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations with LГ©vy Noise: An Evolution Equation Approach

Contemporary years have noticeable an explosion of curiosity in stochastic partial differential equations the place the riding noise is discontinuous. during this accomplished monograph, prime specialists aspect the evolution equation method of their answer. many of the effects seemed the following for the 1st time in ebook shape.

Extra resources for Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Example text

As the benefits of cooperation increase, so may the costs of not cooperating. Wholes may then become obligatory survival units, one consequence of which may be that a decrement in the performance of the whole might result in the demise of the parts. An example can be found in a longterm study by Jeon (1972, 1983). A strain of Amoeba proteus was initially infected with bacterial parasites that were resistant to the hosts’ digestive enzymes. After two hundred generations, or eighteen months, a mutualistic relationship had become established, and after ten years the symbionts had developed complete interdependence.

Here we can observe a wide range of cooperative relationships that can only be accounted for in bioeconomic, cost-benefit terms. Kinship is largely irrelevant. Indeed, many types of symbioses—such as the Holistic Darwinism 25 estimated 20,000 species of lichen partnerships involving approximately 300 different genera of fungi and algae, or the rhizobia and similar bacteria that form root nodules with some 17,500 species in 600 genera of plants— reflect a plethora of independent inventions. In other words, many different species may discover and utilize the same functionally advantageous cooperative relationships.

Sperry was fond of using as an illustration the metaphor of a wheel rolling downhill—its rim, all of its spokes, indeed all of its atoms, are compelled to go along for the ride. We will use the term here in a slightly different sense. Downward causation in this context refers to the selective influences that have shaped the evolution of cooperative phenomena generally and complexity in particular. Why do selfish genes cooperate in ways that produce teamwork, which, in turn, leads to interdependency?

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.78 of 5 – based on 11 votes