Freeing China's Farmers: Rural Restructuring in the Reform by David Zweig

By David Zweig

A accomplished analysts of China's rural reforms, this booklet hyperlinks neighborhood reports to nationwide coverage, displaying the dynamic rigidity within the reform method between country coverage, neighborhood cadre energy and self-interest, and the peasants' look for financial development. Key issues lined contain: the accountability process, privatization and altering estate rights, industrialization, social clash, cadre corruption, urban-rural kin, clash over land, rural urbanization, and the effect of globalization. The creation skillfully integrates the subjects that run all through this paintings and the concluding bankruptcy makes a speciality of present and destiny difficulties in rural China.

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Sample text

Had these leaders wanted to stop decollectivization, they could have. According to Kate Zhou, Zhao admitted that his criticism of household production contracts in 1980 slowed the pace of decollectivization. No doubt, as Kelliher asserts, had central elites cracked down and tried to put all the household genies back in the collective bottle, agricultural output would have stagnated, if not crashed, as farmers' enthusiasm for production would have nose-dived. However, the highest levels of the Party, armed with the power to crack down on reform, chose to let the process work itself out.

While chapter 1 discusses the roots of resistance to decollectivization, and chapter 3 compares the pattern of decollectivization in three parts of rural Nanjing Municipality, chapter 2 presents a nationwide portrait of the entire process. Although I strongly believe that farmers and the localities were the driving force behind decollectivization,38 I disagree with Kelliher and Zhou's overemphasis on the farmers' autonomous activity and their efforts to at best downplay (Zhou) or actually reject (Kelliher) the important role of radical reformers, such as Wan Li and Zhao Ziyang, in the process of decollectivization.

From Village to City: Reforming Urban-Rural Relations 185 8. Dilemmas of Partial Reform: State and Collective Firms versus the Rural Private Sector 203 9. Urbanizing Rural China: Bureaucratic Authority and Local Autonomy 221 Page viii Part IV: Industrialization and Internationalization: Rural China Turns Outward 10. Rural Industry: Weathering the Storms of Central State Policy 253 11. Internationalizing China's Countryside: The Political Economy of Exports from Rural Industry 274 12. "Developmental Communities" on China's Coast: The Impact of Trade, Investment, and Transnational Alliances 300 Part V: Reviewing the Record 13.

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