Disaster Law: A Socio-Legal Perspective by Hazel Hartley

By Hazel Hartley

This publication presents a socio-legal research of failures by means of starting off activity and relaxation failures (the 1989 Hillsborough and Marchioness mess ups) and contemplating them of their broader legal/political/economic and coverage contexts. It bases the research on in-depth examinations of the felony responses to those mess ups. the rules for the case stories are laid by means of reviewing evaluations of suitable modern criminal difficulties. those contain the recommendations and contexts of mess ups; the legislations in a liberal democracy; negligence,mass activities and coverage in PTSD circumstances; statutory rules of future health and security; the legislation of company reckless manslaughter and the modern criminal difficulties of inquests and public inquiries into failures. The theoretical and coverage chapters are by way of the presentation of the 2 case research failures, drawing on documentary assets and interviews with teachers, coverage makers, key criminal practitioners and campaigners for criminal reform, curious about those post-disaster felony approaches. The research returns to the severe topics of the sooner chapters and ends with conclusions and proposals for additional learn and felony reform bobbing up out of this actual region of catastrophe legislations. scholars in recreation and relaxation classes could be required to take on criminal and moral matters as a part of the expectancies of nationwide topic benchmarking criteria. legislation modules and classes in game and legislation are constructing an more and more socio-legal, if now not multi-disciplinary process. This publication takes account of this and contributes to the distance within the literature, taking a serious, multi-disciplinary method of game, relaxation and the legislations. in spite of the fact that, it will likely be worthwhile to a broader team of readers who examine, perform or paintings within the legislation or criminal reform and observe their paintings to mess ups.

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On Sunday 11th December, further routine work was carried out by all new or altered wiring should be tested according to departmental guidelines. The subsequent disaster would have been avoided if ‘the correct examination of his work had been carried out’. Mr Hemingway could never remember his work being checked in this way; the supervisors and commissioning engineers were unaware of wire counts and their role in such procedures. 13 The Hidden Inquiry reported that: An independent wire count could and should have prevented the accident.

The men stayed in the accommodation block, for over an hour, waiting for a helicopter, but the heli-pad had been destroyed. Most of them died when the four-storey building was engulfed in flames, cutting off all means of escape (Cook, 1989, p 55). There was no systematic attempt to lead the workers from the accommodation block and the disaster was made far worse by the failure of the fire pumps (the deluge system) after the initial blast. These pumps had been switched to manual operation to allow divers to work underwater, since there was a danger of their being sucked in by any automatic fire pumps.

There were serious incidents in June 1987 followed by reports that were critical of staff training on fire fighting, the mechanics of escalators and lifts; staffs requests for removal of rubbish were ignored by the authorities and inflammable materials were regularly stored underground (Cook, 1989, p 34). However, the authority’s general manager thought Mr Brown’s reports were exaggerated (The Times, 19 February 1988; Cook, 1989). The London Fire Brigade obviously did not share his view when, in their Annual Fire Inspection in October 1987, they reported piles of inflammable rubbish, grease, rags at nearly every station visited, with repeated references to combustible material around escalators at King’s Cross, recommending that this be removed (Cook, 1989).

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