By Venkatachalam Venkatesan, Jacob Kampen
This paper lines the evolution of worldwide financial institution help to agricultural companies, really agricultural extension and examine in Sub-Saharan Africa. It describes the Bank's event with the implementation of nationwide courses in agricultural extension and examine and the way those are evolving to stand the issues of the longer term. The paper concludes that participation of the beneficiaries within the layout and implementation of courses is important and may make sure the courses' convergence in the direction of rural improvement.
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Additional info for Evolution of agricultural services in Sub-Saharan Africa: trends and prospects, Parts 63-390
Much of the extension literature discusses the subject Page 4 from the points of view of the providers of extension services or of donors. What is needed is a list of the essential features of an extension service from the point of view of the beneficiaries and a method which develops an extension system which would contain and represent these features and be sustainable. The development of such an extension system is facilitated by starting pilot projects containing a chosen set of key features to see which one can be successfully implemented.
324 The Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee's Credit Programs: Performance and Sustainability. Shahidur R. Khandker and Baqui Khalily No. 325 Institutional and Entrepreneurial Leadership in the Brazilian Science and Technology Sector:Setting a New Agenda. Edited by Lauritz Holm-Nielsen, Michael Crawford, and Alcyone Saliba No. 326 The East Asian Miracle and Information Technology: Strategic Management of Technological Learning. Nagy Hanna, Sandor Boyson, and Shakuntala Gunaratne No. 327 Agricultural Reform in Russia: A View from the Farm Level.
National institutions and ministries did not have a sense of ownership of the project since they were not responsible either for its design or implementation. The IRDP experience offers other important lessons for organizing services in the rural sector. · It is essential that the service providers build appropriate linkages with the beneficiaries and involve them actively in planning and implementing services. · Coordination between the delivery of various rural services is achieved from below, that is, the beneficiaries, rather than from above, that is, the bureaucracies providing them.