By Colin Clarke
During this sequel to Kingston, Jamaica: city improvement and Social switch, 1692 to 1962 (1975) Colin Clarke investigates the function of sophistication, color, race, and tradition within the altering social stratification and spatial patterning of Kingston, Jamaica when you consider that independence in 1962. He additionally assesses the traces - created through the doubling of the inhabitants - on labour and housing markets, that are themselves very important components in city social stratification. specified realization can also be given to color, category, and race segregation, to the formation of the Kingston ghetto, to the function of politics within the production of zones of violence and drug buying and selling in downtown Kingston, and to the contribution of the humanities to the evolution of nationwide tradition. a distinct function is the inclusion of a number of maps produced and compiled utilizing GIS (geographical info systems). The ebook concludes with a comparability with the post-colonial city difficulties of South Africa and Brazil, and an evalution of the de-colonization of Kingston.
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Additional info for Decolonizing the Colonial City: Urbanization and Stratification in Kingston, Jamaica
A small shopping area developed between the Parade and the warehouses that fringed the harbour. Harbour Street formed the main commercial axis, and although several stores were located on King Street in 1850, it was not until after the earthquake and Wre of 1907 that it became the main area for retailing. By the beginning of the twentieth century the retail trade had been largely divorced from wholesaling, and three main branches were in evidence; namely, provision markets, groceries, and dry goods stores.
As late as 1899 it was observed that ‘the oYcial medical system continues to work well within the Weld it covers, but that is limited, while resort is still had to the bush doctors’ (Livingstone 1899: 188). There was ‘no inspection of domestic sanitation, or eVort to prevent overcrowding’ (ibid. 54). 0 in 1921, though the impact of this change was reduced by the expansion of oneroom dwellings. 9 per cent in 1921 (Moore and Johnson 2000; Clarke 1975a). Goad’s insurance plan of 1894 divided Kingston’s buildings into poor, mixed, and better class.
Labour was ineYcient throughout the period of slavery. Whether the slaves worked hard or malingered, the proWts from their labours were passed on to their masters, and the notion of proWt-sharing was conWned to Kingston and the other towns. However, it was impossible for unemployment to develop among the slaves in Kingston, since they could be bought, sold, and deployed in accordance with the requirements of the labour market. The fact that indigence and unemployment aVected only the free population in Kingston is less paradoxical than it might appear.