African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National by A. Carl LeVan

By A. Carl LeVan

Africa is altering and you will disregard how decentralization, democratization, and new types of illiberalism have remodeled federalism, political events, and native politics. Chapters on Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and South Africa support fill a big hole in comparative institutional learn approximately kingdom and native politics in Africa.

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Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press. Masunungure, E. ) 2009. Defying the Winds of Change: Zimbabwe’s 2008 Elections. Harare: Weaver Press and Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Norris, P. 2008. Driving Democracy: Do Power-Sharing Institutions Work? Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. North, D. and Weingast, B. 1996. , Eggertsson, T. and North, D. ) Empirical Studies in Institutional Change, 134–165. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

A different source of resentment arising from horizontal revenue sharing system is the payment of the substantial allocations to the localities to their respective state governments, rather than directly to the localities themselves, thereby entrenching the subordination of the local governments to the states. Nonetheless, these arrangements have proved remarkably durable, and have been affirmed by key arbitrative decisions of the Nigerian Supreme Court. Outside of the Supreme Court, however, the Nigerian system lacks truly credible and neutral institutions for adjudicating this ethno-distributive contentiousness.

Lagos State offers a prominent example: as improved administration increased the number of residents paying taxes from 500,000 to over 3 million, service delivery improved. Its opposition governor clashed with the federal government over the price of fuel, raising the minimum wage, the creation of local governments, and the federal government’s refusal to release statutorily guaranteed funds for the state. Rather than political grandstanding though, through these confrontations he could plausibly claim to be representing his constituency’s preferences.

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